Feng Shui – Understanding the Five Elements and their Interaction


Element with high yang energy. Yang energy is powerful, bright, strong, impetuous. Fire is an extremely powerful element, but in itself it does not exist, it must be created and, unlike other elements, fire cannot be stocked. But nevertheless, it is fire energy that gives success in public life, brings fame, recognition, brilliant abilities to those who successfully activate it. Remember, fire must be controlled, since excess of this energy can be fatal. Fire is associated with the South.

It is associated with the summer, the direction is SOUTH, the corresponding color is red, the shape representing fire is a triangle, the number is 9.


This is the energy of wealth in Feng Shui. This is also a very powerful element that can get out of control. The energy of water moves downward, so when water overflows, inevitable disasters ensue. The controlled water element brings prosperity, and if you awaken this energy correctly and in proportion to the energies of other elements, while achieving equilibrium, the energy of the water will bring you such wealth that you did not expect. Water is identified with the North.

It is associated with winter, the direction is NORTH, the Corresponding color is blue, black, the shape that represents water is wavy lines, the number is -1.


Fundamental energy. Connection to this energy brings great family happiness and harmony, which is often equated with the efforts of the hostess, the parent. An element of land dominates the SOUTH – WEST, NORTH – EAST, and IN THE CENTRAL PART OF THE HOUSE.

It is connected with the off-season, directions – SOUTH – WEST AND NORTH – EAST, color – ocher, numbers 2, 5, 8.

This is the energy of growth, advancement and expansion. The directions of the tree are EAST AND SOUTH – EAST.

The energies of the tree bring success in the material sphere. The energy of the tree is also inherited, as is the gift of the ancestors and is especially favorable for sons.

It is connected with spring, the direction East and South – East. The corresponding color is green, the shape representing the tree is a rectangle. The number is -3, 4.


This energy brings good luck to people who are influential and useful to society. Metal is an element of the WEST AND NORTH – WEST. It symbolizes the power of heaven and the power of the father – the owner. Metal is also associated with gold and silver; its energy is directed inward. If properly connected to the energies of the metal, you can become an influential person. If you need to arouse the energy of good fortune of powerful people, hang a small golden bell in the northwestern corner of your home.

It is associated with autumn, the corresponding directions are WEST, NORTH – WEST, color is white, the shape representing metal is round, numbers 6, 7.









Imagine that everything, absolutely all things in your environment have energy and, in addition, symbolize certain elements or, as they are called in the Chinese tradition, elements. The main goal of Feng Shui is the ability to build such an atmosphere in your home that all things, objects, design elements carry only favorable information, serve only joyful purposes, bring only good luck and happiness.

The five elements (elements) are Fire, Water, Earth, Wood, Metal. Each of them has certain properties. Although the word “element” in the literal translation implies something stable and motionless, the word xin indicates movement and change, so a more accurate translation would probably be “five elements”, or “five driving forces.” For example, when it comes to the “tree”, it does not mean wood, but the driving principle, originally inherent in the kingdom of wood.

At the same time, the “elements” of the European alchemical tradition have a slightly different meaning, therefore we will use the term “element” to avoid confusion of concepts. According to these elements, all astrological calculations are performed, including time, year and date of birth. Each of these elements symbolizes one of the aspects of universal life energy – qi.
The theory of the five elements underlies all e divination systems, but similar theories are found in others around the mystical teachings of many other peoples. The names of these elements are used as the names of certain types of vital energy (qi).

These elements are present in everything, including in man (though women are supposed to have only four elements, those who got five are not able to give birth to boys). Elements can support each other, forming harmony and coziness, or destroy, then everything in the house goes head over heels, spouses quarrel, children study poorly, old people get sick. Four elements (except the earth) correspond to cardinal points, animals, colors, directions, seasons, materials and shapes. 

Even the most unfavorable external conditions can always be corrected by balancing the action of all elements in the interior. Any element of the situation can be balanced according to the five-element Feng Shui system, this creates an infinite number of options and a combination – there is room for imagination and creativity to unfold. True, the modern man is uneasy because the Black Turtle is guarding the northern wall of his house (see. “Heavenly animals”), but it is not necessary to take everything verbatim. Which element controls a person is determined by the date of his birth.

Based on this, the specialist makes recommendations. For example, a “fiery” person should not flood his house with aquariums, computers, glass and other wet things, so as not to extinguish the vital ardor – too much of the Water element in your house will be unfavorable (black, artificial ponds or fountains), since Water destroys Fire. Conversely, a lot of greenery or even a wooden house will bring good luck and happiness, since the Tree produces Fire. In addition to this, you can sleep in the room of a house or apartment corresponding to the southern part.

The five primary elements are associated with certain seasons, colors, years, months, days, hours and, finally, cardinal points. Only when we understand the correspondence of elements to the cardinal points and the system of their mutual generation and destruction, we come closer to understanding the essence of this art. What are they? It is important to remember in what relations the elements are: constructive or destructive, since these provisions are fundamental not only for Feng Shui, but also for other areas of Chinese philosophy.

Elements arise from the interaction of Yin and Yang and represent various expressions of a single substance – qi energy. This strict system is universal for the whole world, including people.

Five elements are not static. They generate and destroy each other in a continuous cycle, when one element interacts with another in a positive or negative way. Understanding these more complex aspects of the movement and transformation of qi energy improves Feng Shui quality. In general, analysis based on the interaction of five elements is one of the most subjective moments in Feng Shui practice. You can interpret the use of elemental symbols this way and that, and then you can always have insecurity and questions related to this theory. Each element is associated with its color, weather, season, compass direction and so on.
Consider the properties of each element and which parts of the world correspond to them.

Fire is one of the most powerful elements, it has tremendous power and can always get out of control. Fire itself does not exist – it needs constant support. And for the same reason, Fire is quite vulnerable – once it is deprived of oxygen and it disappears. Nevertheless, it is a very strong, powerful element, living and spiritualized, symbolizing not only fire as such, but also all kinds of light sources: the sun and lightning flashes, electric lamps and candle lights.

The presence of Fire always activates. However, an excess of Fire causes hot temper and irritability. Uncontrolled fire brings disaster – only tamed flame is useful. Therefore, if you want to use fiery energy, keep this element under control. Fire provides success in public life, brings fame, recognition. The place of Fire is South. The colors of Fire are red and orange. The weather is warm. The time of year is summer. Items associated with the fire element have a triangular or spiky shape. The energy of fire moves up. A good symbol of Fire can serve as a fireplace in the southern corner of the living room.

Lively and inspired fire is a powerful element that embodies the qualities of Yang. It can be a source of light, warmth and happiness, but it can also destroy and severely punish. In a good sense, honor and justice, in a bad sense, aggressiveness. Symbols of Fire – fire itself, candles, light bulbs. Symbols of Fire in a home environment increase energy and activity level.

Associations: the sun; candles, lamps; fireplace; candles, lamps, incense; animals, birds, children; items made of wool, leather or feathers; images of light, fire, sunrise or sunset; triangular objects; objects with sharp edges (for example, a pyramid, needles, a model of the Ostankino television tower); color is red; purple; synthetic materials; paintings depicting the sun or fire.

Water is also a very powerful element. It is very difficult to tame the water element – recent natural disasters have shown this. When water overflows, overflows, it washes everything in its path. But Water nourishes all living things, and if it is under control, it brings wealth and prosperity. The correct activation of this type of energy can bring you great wealth, but in working with water it is important to know the measure, because excessive use of water symbols will lead to the opposite effect – it will cause significant financial setbacks. Water includes all fluids.

It is considered the primary element, associated with the flow of qi energy, with roads in the city and symbolizes wealth. In addition, Water is associated with emotional sensitivity, so excess water leads to lethargy and despondency. In this regard, Feng Shui masters recommend using the symbols of Water with sufficient caution. Place of Water in the North. Water Energy moves down. Water, like fire, is a rather vulnerable element. And Water and Fire can disappear without a trace – Water can evaporate, and Fire can go out. But the energies of these elements can also just get out of control, therefore, when working with the symbols of these elements, you need to be careful and be very careful.

Water symbols are fountains, waterfalls, aquariums. Iron objects can also be used to activate Water, but they are depleted by water. Water is a symbol of spring and water, rain or rain. Consciousness is the “inner self”, art and beauty. Water affects everything in the world. It nourishes and supports. But it can drain. In emotional terms, it can mean fear, nervousness and despondency. In addition, water symbolizes wealth. Her colors are black, navy blue and the whole blue-violet range.

Items related to Water have a wavy or smoothly curving surface. Water has a cleansing and refreshing effect. It serves to renew and restore strength. However, excess water leads to lethargy and despondency. Water is also associated with emotional sensitivity. Water Symbols should be used with caution, as you may feel trampled, not refined and refreshed.
Associations: rivers, water flows and lakes; fountains, pools, aquariums; blue, cyan and black; mirrors, stained glass and glass; winding lines; wavy hedges; transparent containers with water; paintings depicting water motifs, sea, lake, waterfall, sea landscapes, fish.

Earth is fundamental energy. This is our planet Earth, and terrestrial landscapes, as well as stones, crystals and even ceramic products. The place of this energy in the center of the house, the most pronounced symbol is the globe. It symbolizes stability, reliability, self-confidence and family happiness. Two sectors correspond to this and the next element: Big Earth – southwest, Small Earth – northeast. This separation is very important to consider when analyzing. For example, the Big Earth absorbs Water – negatively, but the Small Earth and Water – well, because it turns out a good environment for plant growth. The energy of the earth brings harmony and great family happiness. This element is not as vulnerable as the two previous ones – the Earth does not completely disappear. Excess
Earth can lead to suspicion and stagnation.

“Earthy” colors are, first of all, yellow and tan shades. The directions of the Earth are the center, southwest and northeast, the weather is humid, the season is the off-season, the shape is square. The Earth element is located in the center of the ba gua octagon, but also has additional zones in the southwest and northeast. It is a nourishing substance. The earth grows seeds from which all life appears on the earth, so that then it can again return to the earth.

Symbolizes justice, wisdom and instinct. In a negative sense – suppression of activity or baseless unrest. Earth means reliability, stability, self-confidence, its symbols are used to strengthen the spirit and moral support. Too much land influence can create an atmosphere of stagnation and suspicion.
Associations: clay, brick and terracotta; cement and stone; square; straight hedges; yellow, orange and brown, terracotta, ocher; items made of ceramics, brick, crystal, porcelain, tile; globe; paintings depicting terrestrial landscapes: mountains, rocks, deserts; crystals, stones; sculptures; objects of a square shape.

A tree is a living element that includes any plants. It symbolizes growth, development and creative abilities, and the main characteristic of the Tree is its strength combined with flexibility. The energies of the Tree bring good luck and success in the material plane. This energy is located in the east (Big Tree) and southeast (Small Tree) and is responsible for growth and development, favorable for children (sons). The use of the Tree element brings material luck, guarantees expansion and promotion.

This is the only living element and it can be represented by both living and artificial plants. It is advisable to use plants with round leaves and adhere to some rules for their arrangement (do not put plants in the bedroom). Plants should be looked after – to prevent the wilting of living and dulling artificial. The energy of the Tree expands, grows outward.

The color of the Tree is green, the directions are east and southeast, the weather is windy, the season is spring, and the shapes of the objects associated with the Tree are tall, oblong and rectangular. In the form of Yin – flexible and supple, like a vine, in the form of Yang – solid as an oak. In a good way, it’s the traveler’s staff; in a bad way, it’s a spear. The energy of the Tree is wide, nutritious, changeable. Working with areas of the house associated with the tree gives impetus to creative abilities. However, excessive zeal can lead to idealism and groundless expectations.
Associations: trees, flowers and plants; wooden furniture and wooden items; paper; green color; columns; Pillars plank floor, parquet; landscape in art; bent wood furniture; wicker chairs; reed mats; pictures of the forest; fabrics, wooden figurines; cylindrical and rectangular shape.

Metal is an element symbolizing the power of heaven, abundance and success in financial matters. His energy gives strength, encourages enterprise. But its excess is as harmful as the excess of other elements: it leads to haste and indiscretion. The metal sectors are the west (Big Metal) and the northwest (Small Metal). Coins and many other useful things are made of metal, and it is most often associated with gold and silver. If you correctly use the energy of the metal, then this element will bring you power and influence. Metal brings good luck to people who are influential and useful to society.

Metal energy flows in and wakes up with a small golden bell (if you have enough money – hang a bigger bell, but do not overdo it) in the northwest. The colors of the metal are white, gold, silver, the weather is dry, the time of year is autumn, and the shapes are a circle and a crescent, any metal objects, especially coins and talismans. Metal is a symbol of autumn and strength, represents wholeness and breadth. On the other hand, metal is a conductor of energy.

Symbolizes abundance and success in financial matters.
Promotes sociability. The birth of bright ideas and the achievement of justice. On the other hand, it can bring destruction, danger and sadness. Metal can carry beauty and convenience, but it can hurt like a blade. Excess of this element can lead to haste, indiscretion and illegibility in the means.

Associations: any metal; rounded shapes; dome; metal objects; steps of the porch; kitchenware; white, gray, silver and golden; coins; clock; round decorations; bells; swords moving mobiles; iron, bronze, silver, gold.
All these elements are always in motion and in a certain way interact with each other, transforming qi energy and generating either favorable or unfavorable energy. In order to understand the theory of the five elements and successfully apply it in practice, it is necessary to know two primary cycles of elements: the Circle of creation (positive) and the Circle of destruction (negative).

Five elements are not static.

They generate and destroy each other in a continuous cycle, when one element interacts with another in a positive or negative way. Understanding these and more complex aspects of the movement and transformation of qi energy improves Feng Shui quality. These five elements generate and at the same time destroy each other in continuous cycles – the cycle of creation and the cycle of destruction. Each element interacts with the other either positively or negatively. Understanding these movements and transformations of qi energy improves the quality of Feng Shui.

Feng Shui Basics – The cycle of creation

The cycle of creation is a positive interaction of energies that passes in a vicious circle – from Water to a Tree, from a Tree to Fire, from Fire to Earth and from Earth to Metal. This cycle is also called the compatibility cycle, or positive cycle.

Water symbolizes the origin of organic life. Beginning in silence and calm, she nourishes the Tree.

The tree grows up and to the sides. His energy harnesses the growth potential, which is a driving and stimulating force. A tree becomes food for fire. Fire – hot, pulsating, saturated – is a symbol of active activity. Fading away, the fire leaves the ashes and turns into earth.

Earth collects and stores energy. Condensing, in the process of purification and improvement, the earth forms metal.

The metal in its purest form becomes a liquid that is associated with water.
Then the cycle starts over.

Feng Shui Fundamentals – The cycle of destruction

In contrast to the cycle of creation, there is a cycle of destruction, or incompatibility. The cycle of destruction is a negative interaction of elements. In this cycle, the qualities of one element are in opposition to the qualities of another in the sequence: Water, Fire, Metal, Wood, Earth. This process can be depicted as moving in a circle, but it is easier to imagine by imposing on the cycle of creation. This sequence creates a pentagram – a traditional symbol of destructive power.

Water extinguishes a fire that melts and destroys Metal. In turn, Metal cuts a tree and destroys its vitality. The tree feeds on the juices of the earth and drills holes in it with its roots. And finally, the Earth absorbs and binds water.
Mitigation cycle.

Since all elements interact, it means that the element that stands between two others, which are in opposition to each other, can mitigate the mutual influence. It is worth emphasizing that all such associations should be perceived purely symbolically, and not literally. A tree serves as a mediator between Water and Fire; it absorbs and retains water.

Water nourishes the tree and gives it strength, which balances the destructive influence of the metal.

Fire is the intermediary between the Tree and the Earth, as it is able to absorb the tree and become the earth. Metal is an intermediary between the earth and water, since it is born from the earth and turns into water.

Use of items.

Element. Water.
Value. Emotional sensitivity.
Color. Black, navy blue.
Forms. Wavy and smoothly bending.
Symbol and image. Mirrors, glass, aquariums, fountains, images of fish, waterfalls, sea landscapes.
Strengthening (cycle of creation). Add water or metal.
Weakening (destruction cycle). Add ground.
Softening (softening cycle). Add a tree.

Element. Wood.
Value. Stimulates creativity, growth and development.
Color. Green.
Forms. Tall, oblong and rectangular.
Symbol and image. Wooden objects, plants, bentwood furniture, wicker chairs, reed mats, images of trees and plants.
Strengthening (cycle of creation). Add wood or water.
Weakening (destruction cycle). Add metal.
Softening (softening cycle). Add fire.

Element. Fire.
Value. Action, motivation, passion, intelligence.
Color. Red, orange.
Forms. Triangular, spiky.
Symbol and image. Triangular objects and ornaments with a triangular pattern, candles, light bulbs, images of light or fire, sunrises and sunsets.
Strengthening (cycle of creation). Add fire or wood.
Weakening (destruction cycle). Add water.
Softening (softening cycle). Add ground.

Element. Land.
Value. Gives reliability, stability and self-confidence.
Color. Yellow, brown.
Forms. Square.
Symbol and image. Ceramics, stone objects, crystals, images of terrestrial landscapes.
Strengthening (cycle of creation). Add ground or fire.
Weakening (destruction cycle). Add a tree.
Softening (softening cycle). Add metal.

Element. Metal.
Value. It gives strength and success in financial matters.
Color. White, gold, silver.
Forms. Rounded, domed, crescent shape.
Symbol and image. Metal objects, swords, coins, images of things made of metal.
Strengthening (cycle of creation). Add metal or earth.
Weakening (destruction cycle). Add fire.
Softening (softening cycle). Add water.

The principle of analysis of harmony of elements

We determine the dominant element of this sector.
We check to see if there is an “aggressor” element here.
Check if there is a child element that is produced by the main element. (In our case, the Earth produces Metal.)

We introduce an element that generates the main element of this sector.
We introduce an element representing this sector.

In order for everything in your house to be harmonious, it is not at all necessary to remodel the interior of your house in order to balance the forces of natural elements in your house. Even if you add one, even a very small touch, it can significantly change the balance of energy flows in the house in such a way that all its inhabitants will feel better, healthier, and this will change the energy of each inhabitant.

Activation of the energy of the elements of Air

You need to hang up the mobile phones, turn on the music that is played on the flute, add yellow accessories, open the windows wide every day to invite the power of the Air element to your home. Put things in order in your cupboard, carefully arrange books on shelves in a certain order. Do the same with CDs and DVDs, as well as other items that are plentiful in your home. Add vases with yellow and green lemons.

Activation of the energy of the elements of Water

Add aquariums or bowls (vases) with water, hang pictures or photographs with the image of water and water sources, get a home fountain. Arrange photos of friends and family members, complement your interior with toys depicting animals, figurines and pictures depicting cubs of animals. Buy flowers, complement the interior with floral ornaments and cold shades of different colors – blue, lavender, turquoise – or various pastel colors.

Activation of the energy of the elements of Fire.

Light candles, light a fire in a fireplace, add red and bright colors, metal sculptures with sharp corners to your interior. Open the curtains and let in the energy of sunlight, suspend the lenses on the windows, which when exposed to rays of sunlight will shimmer with all the colors of the rainbow. Thus, your home will be filled with the energy of colors of the entire color spectrum. Hang in the house chandelier.

Activation of the energy of the elements of the Earth.

Complete the interior with pottery, ceramic pots, cast iron or wood. Complete the decor of your home with earthy floral items. Lay stones and baskets on the floor. Buy live plants or artificial ones from silk. Using the energy of the elements for the energy balance of the environment.
Do you need to bring more energy and movement into your life?

Benefits of activating Different Elements

Activate: the energy of the elements of Fire.

Relax: the effect of the energy of the elements of the Earth.
Do you need to bring more stability to your lif

Activate: the energy of the elements of the Earth.
Relax: the effect of the energy of the element of Fire.
Do you need to bring more clarity to your life?

Activate: the energy of the elements of Water.
Relax: the effect of the energy of the elements of Air.
Do you constantly feel yourself cocked?

Activate: the energy of the element of Air.
Relax: the effect of the energy of the elements of Water.
Do you often feel deprived of soil under your feet, do you feel as if you are being carried downstream?

Activate: the energy of the elements of the Earth.
Relax: the effect of the energy of the elements of Air.
Do you feel that a period of stagnation has come in your life, and you have problems in getting the project off the ground?

Activate: the energy of the elements of Fire.
Relax: the effect of the energy of the elements of the Earth.

The energy of the four elements outside your home in your environment.
When you decide how to balance the energy flows in your home, do not lose sight of the fact that the energy flows of the elements should also be balanced outside your home. The habitat of the area where your home is located will have a direct impact on the energy of your home. Below are some examples of the distinctive features of the terrain and vegetation, which are characteristic of a particular element. Of course, in many cases, the area where your house is located is a combination of one or more types of energy of natural elements.

Habitats of Different Elements

Habitat where air dominates.
Windy, large spaces are blown by the winds, mountain peaks, hills, hills, open plains are visible.

The habitat where the element of Water dominates.
Streams or water streams, lakes, rivers, sea coast. Rain, fog, haze. Swamps, swamps, grass of intense green color and other vegetation.

The habitat where the element of Fire dominates.
Deserts, abandoned wastelands, any rock formations. Hot and dry. Cacti, conifers, low shrubs.

The habitat where the elements of the Earth reign.
High, steep mountains, rocks, canyons, forests, trees. Rocks, boulders, many trees.